Beauty Modern Garden Roses

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Published: 15th September 2009
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Classification of modern roses can be quite confusing because many modern roses have old garden roses in their ancestry and their form varies so much. The classifications tend to be by growth and flowering characteristics, such as "large-flowered shrub", "recurrent, large-flowered shrub", "cluster-flowered", "rambler recurrent", or "ground-cover non-recurrent". The following includes the most notable and popular classifications of Modern Garden Roses:

Hybrid Tea

The favourite rose for much of the history of modern roses, hybrid teas were initially created by hybridising Hybrid Perpetuals with Tea roses in the late 1800s. Roses are ideal for cut flowers because the stem can produce 5 to 6 flowers. New varieties of hybrid tea roses are introduced every year, but some classics simply can't be beat. Most hybrid tea roses are reliably hardy from USDA zones 5 - 9. Here are some long time favorite hybrid teas, by color. Multicolored (Peace), Red (Mr. Lincoln), Red (Veterans Honor), Pink (Friendship), Yellow (Midas touch), Yellow (Cellebrity), Orange (Tropicana), Orange (Voodoo), White (Garden Party), Lavender (Purple Passion).


Joseph Pernet-Ducher (1859-1928) was a French rosarian and 1896, Joseph Pernet-Ducher carried on the experiments and developed a world-wide reputation in 1900 when he introduced 'Soleil d'Or', the first yellow Hybrid Tea. The colors of these roses vary orange, yellow, apricot, and pink to an array of mixtures of the colors including what has been called 'flaming' reds and yellows. This rose it is now recognized as the first of the "Pernetiana" roses (Roses of Pernet) and an important ancestor of 'Peace', introduced by Meilland in 1945.


This low growing, very bushy rose is exactly as the name implies: a small plant that will cover itself with trusses of tiny blossoms. In the typical rose colours of white, pink and red. Their main claim to fame was their prolific bloom: From spring to fall. Some Polyantha Recommendations : Katharina Zaimet, Marie Pavie, Mrs Nathalie Nypels, Cecile Burner, Perle d'Or, La Marne, China Doll, The Fairy.


Bushes have large clusters of flowers with many blooms in flower at one time. These are the second most popular rose bushes after the Hybrid Tea, although the Tea blooms in a 6 weeks cycle while the floribunda blooms continuously. Easy to care for, hardy and more reliable than the tea's. Polyanthas end have smaller flowers on smaller, sturdy bushes. Examples: 'Dainty Maid', 'Iceberg', 'Tuscan Sun'


Grandifloras are some of the favorites of rose gardeners who love to cut bouquets of long stemmed large flowers. Grandifloras typically have many petals, tall elegant plants that bloom repeatedly during the season, they generally feature clustered blossoms with stems which are slightly shorter than those of hybrid tea roses. They are exquisite to look at with a minimum of care. Grandifloras related varieties: Arizona, bronze; Love, red and cream; Prominent, orange; Queen Elizabeth, medium pink; Sonia, pink blend; Sundowner, copper.

Climbing and rambling

There are two main types of climbing roses: ramblers and climbers. Read on to decide which type you would like to incorporate into your garden. Ramblers are closer to the original wild rose; they grow vigorously and bear huge trusses of small flowers in one flush in summer. Climbing roses, on the other hand, tend to produce fewer but larger flowers and bloom throughout the summer. Most Climbing roses grow anywhere from 8'-20' in height and exhibit repeat-bloom. While ramblers flower on the previous year's wood, climbers flower on young wood made in the same year, so less old wood needs cutting out when pruning. Examples: 'Blaze' (repeat-blooming climber), 'American Pillar' (once-blooming rambler). Both climbing roses and rambling roses are not true vines such as ivy, clematis or wisteria; they lack the ability to cling to supports on their own, and must be manually trained and tied over structures such as arbors and pergolas.

English / David Austin

David Austin roses are also known as 'English' roses. David Austin crosses old roses with repeat flowering modern roses with often stunning results. The key to growing David Austin roses well, is to watch for which are performing in your neighbourhood. Some of the David Austin roses grow tall in New Zealand gardens. Stand outs for her include Evelyn, Othello, Teasing Georgia, Graham Thomas.

Canadian Hardy Roses

Developed for the extreme weather conditions of Canadian winters, these roses were developed by Agriculture Canada at the Morden Research Station in Morden, Manitoba and the Experimental Farm in Ottawa (and later at L'Assomption, Qu├ębec). Examples include 'Morden Belle', 'Winnipeg Parks' and 'Cuthbert Grant'.

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